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The development of science geomorphology

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The development of science geomorphology:
Older studies focused on the study of earthquakes and volcanoes and coastal changes and floodplains and rivers in the study of the evolution of land forms, and so evolution in medieval and modern ideas seemed incoherent and descriptive. As we first developed geomorphology are specialists studying the geology and water in Alqrnien the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and appeared so-called Balnsagah Uniformitanism which placed a group of scientists most notably Chorley Chorley is based on this idea to be present in the form of land is the last key, and that the changes that operate in time present may also worked through geologic time, and the changes that occur in the Earth's surface forms, although it is slow, it in fact be effective, when you provide the necessary time, the manifestations of the surface of the whole earth can arise and fade a second time by a slow labor force, but it continues in this area, Thus the idea of ​​systemic clear progress at the expense of believing sinner movements sudden Catastrophic and dominated by systemic, where it's easy to believe that the severe flooding that occurs infrequently, change in river valleys than runoff change it routinely in the years between Vidanin of this type .
       As a result, scientists studies theories are that contributed to the development of the newly this science and that was the most important is the action steps based on observation and organize notes, interpret and draw conclusions and compare them to each other, especially the world Davis) in the study of the so-called cycle of erosion in the form of sequential phases called the regular session (Normal Cycle ) or water cycle. And launched the world in the development of the science geomorphology through emphasis on three factors depend upon the composition appearance, namely:
A - Structure Structure
B - the process process
C - Time Time
  
    And it led these things to reach the so-called treatment of genetic terrain (such as the age of the organism, through youth, maturity and old age), featured several schools geomorphology can mention school kinetic ideas and school climate and school link, but the most powerful of these schools are climate School as one of the most important factors in determining the appearance ground. According to Davis, he studies to the right of the developed modern geomorphology and managed to invent clever scientific terms provided by the studies, such as comparing it to the phenomena that occur in a certain area stages of life of the organism, such as youth, maturity and old age. Since the landforms young woman is found in an area newly formed, but they are mature forms that arrived in the contrast between the rise and fall and there may be an early ripening or maturation of late, but they are aging and access forms to the stage where not fade. Thus, we note that evolution walked from the stage descriptions first and then the description Demonstration (Davis) and demo by Almorvomitri analysis (equations slope angles, and density the disposal, etc.), direct and measure such as the speed of water in the payment of deposits, and testing and which remains difficult for the difficulty of tracing the phenomena of nature in the laboratory so this method is used for simple things. That is geomorphology moved from description to analysis in its development
Field of geomorphology:
       We mentioned that the most important science studying the forms and bodies of the Earth's surface, and thus the basic Vmajalh is the study of the earth's crust and lithosphere and the ocean floor (or the study of the so-called Atmospheric rock Lithosphere. The word Litho Greek word meaning rock Namely, the material problem of the earth's crust, which is made up of an impressive range of minerals. this flag is unique in this area so that provides imaging and full explanation forms the Earth's surface for specialists in different studies through the application of this science known as Applied Paljayumoervolloggio (taught in the Department of Geography plan / Mutah University in the form of an optional subject). as we have said it when we moved from the description to analysis in geomorphology, the results of the analysis have become more availability of applications for this year, using accurate measurements through the field directly. the most important practical aspects of geomorphology include:
1. Detection of natural resources and the development of agricultural areas, minerals, gas and useful rocks.
2. Study of river basins and construction of reservoirs and dams, power generation and detection of surface and underground water resources and maintenance.
3. study of erosion and soil erosion, water, wind and address these problems.
4. change rivers and canals track and triggered this change.
5. study of avalanches and landslides and natural rock Kquart and response.
6. use in the military aspects of the war.
7. soil study and depths and suitability for agricultural production.
8. study of coastline and ports and their impact on navigation, and the relationship between ocean currents so.
9. used in mapping Algiomoforlogih for application in various fields.
10. used in the construction and road and rail studies.
11. trace the development of the regions and stability of geomorphology
12. exploit the deserts and dry lands and semi-dry and keep track of sandstorms which impact on human activity.
Other relationship geomorphology science:
         Luebeck Lobeck has said that the geomorphology is also an essential branch of geology, particularly the study of minerals, rocks and geological structure and dynamic geology that contribute to the understanding of the science geomorphology as they explain the evolution of the Earth's surface features, but these issues are closely linked with geography by studying the relationship between man and his natural environment by geography natural climate, water and plant study. Moreover needs of geomorphology studying mathematics and natural sciences. In short, this science includes topics related to geology, hydrology, engineering, mathematics, physics, geography, soil science, where there is no knowledge of science Atqouka within certain limits, but he is in constant evolution, so selecting the appropriate actions of other sciences that help its development and comprehensiveness.
          Thus, the geomorphology is not based on geographical base alone, but there are five basic sciences ground and adjacent closely related Paljayumoervolloggio. This science-five to study the overall shape of the land and the condition and origins, construction and materials, and the first of these sciences is Geodesy (Geodesy) and is aware of the land measuring GPS and elevations of the points of information on the Earth's surface, taking into account when measuring the real shape of the globe (spherical), while the second flag is Geophysics the science of terrestrial nature of Geophysics and that demonstrates the geomorphology mysteries of the forces that inhabit the earth, and that results in earthquakes and volcanoes, and the third is the geology, where he must geomorphological to study the search area geologically If you were not studied geology in advance by others. Thus, the geomorphology is the link between geography and geology, or the scope of their border. Fourth, science is the science of Alpetrojravea Petrography or science who studies rocks crust surface ground through organized into units of a specific time and ages. This has added to the knowledge of science is the science of the fifth cartography (mapping cartography) Thus note that he can not talk about the construction of scientific geographical unless we first started studying science geomorphology.